Researchers in Japan used an optical fiber connection to boost the internet speed limit over the previous world record of 178 terabits per second or Tbps.
Just when you thought that an internet connection that seamlessly streams ultra high definition video while allowing you to play video games without interruption was the ideal speed, engineers in Japan attempted to break the previous record — which is still far faster than most people’s home connections.
Japan’s new record is far faster than the average internet speed in the United States. The multi-gigabit internet speeds of a decade ago now appear woefully inadequate.
According to a study published in High Speed Internet, the typical connection performance in American households is only 42.86 Mpbs.
Maryland and Delaware, for example, have average speeds of 84.1 and 80.9 megabits per second, respectively.
Despite this, the median data for the entire country fell significantly due to states like Alaska and Montana, which only averaged 20.6 and 30.1 Mbps, respectively.
However, these figures pale in comparison to Japan’s recent record-breaking speeds.
Scientists from Japan’s National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) have broken the internet transfer record by transferring data at a speed of 319 trillion bits per second. That’s nearly twice as fast as the 179Tbps achieved by a team of British and Japanese researchers in August 2020.
NICT was able to accomplish this by improving nearly every stage of the pipeline. The fiber optic network featured four cores instead of one, and researchers used rare earth amplifiers to fire a 552-channel comb laser at different wavelengths.
Not to mention the engineers considered including “erbium and thulium doped-fiber amplifiers and distributed Raman amplification.”
The team employed coiled fiber to carry data over a simulated 1,864-mile distance without degrading signal quality or speed, while the test was tightly confined to the lab.
Apart from the usual C and L bands for long-haul communication networks, the fastest internet connection also has a S band.
All of these details assisted Japanese engineers in achieving the world’s fastest internet speed.
This performance, like many of similar tests, could take a long time to have an influence. While the four-core fiber would be compatible with existing networks, the solution might be somewhat costly.
Initial applications are more likely to be seen with internet backbones and other large networking initiatives where capacity is more important than cost.
Nevertheless, this may have an influence on your internet usage. The NICT researchers hope that their next-generation fiber will make technologies “beyond 5G” (such as 6G) more feasible. You might notice the advantages simply by switching to quicker internet service that doesn’t stutter when there’s a spike in traffic.
It’s worth noting that the technology utilized by the Japanese researchers for this endeavor is compatible with existing equipment. As a result, implementing the same technology will not necessitate a complete rebuild of the current infrastructure. As a result, it will not be prohibitively expensive or time-consuming to execute.
NICT engineers, however, stated that even while the current record is remarkable, they believe they can make it even faster, which they will work on.